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Continuous and automatic mortality risk prediction using vital signs in the intensive care unit: a hybrid neural network approach

journal contribution
posted on 11.01.2021, 01:46 by Stephanie Baker, Wei Xiang, Ian Atkinson
Mortality risk prediction can greatly improve the utilization of resources in intensive care units (ICUs). Existing schemes in ICUs today require laborious manual input of many complex parameters. In this work, we present a scheme that uses variations in vital signs over a 24-h period to make mortality risk assessments for 3-day, 7-day, and 14-day windows. We develop a hybrid neural network model that combines convolutional (CNN) layers with bidirectional long short-term memory (BiLSTM) to predict mortality from statistics describing the variation of heart rate, blood pressure, respiratory rate, blood oxygen levels, and temperature. Our scheme performs strongly compared to state-of-the-art schemes in the literature for mortality prediction, with our highest-performing model achieving an area under the receiver-operator curve of 0.884. We conclude that the use of a hybrid CNN-BiLSTM network is highly effective in determining mortality risk for the 3, 7, and 14 day windows from vital signs. As vital signs are routinely recorded, in many cases automatically, our scheme could be implemented such that highly accurate mortality risk could be predicted continuously and automatically, reducing the burden on healthcare providers and improving patient outcomes.

History

Publication Date

04/12/2020

Journal

Scientific Reports

Volume

10

Issue

1

Article Number

21282

Pagination

12p.

Publisher

Springer Nature

ISSN

2045-2322

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The Author reserves all moral rights over the deposited text and must be credited if any re-use occurs. Documents deposited in OPAL are the Open Access versions of outputs published elsewhere. Changes resulting from the publishing process may therefore not be reflected in this document. The final published version may be obtained via the publisher’s DOI. Please note that additional copyright and access restrictions may apply to the published version.

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