Combinatorial treatment of curcumin or silibinin with doxorubicin sensitises high-risk neuroblastoma
journal contributionposted on 20.05.2021, 05:07 authored by Hewafonsekage FonsekaHewafonsekage Fonseka, Lahiru GangodaLahiru Gangoda, Mohashin PathanMohashin Pathan, Angela Di Giannatale, Suresh MathivananSuresh Mathivanan
Neuroblastoma is a pediatric cancer of the sympathetic nervous system. Using various parameters including stage of the disease, amplification status of N-Myc, DNA index and histopathology, neuroblastoma can be stratified into low- and high-risk groups. Recent advances in treatment have significantly improved the survival rate of lowrisk neuroblastoma patients. However, the overall survival rate of high-risk neuroblastoma group, especially N-Myc amplified patients, is poor. Moreover, the survivors of both low- and high-risk neuroblastoma manifest adverse side effects to chemotherapy and thus their quality of life is impaired. Considering all these factors, there is an urgent need to develop therapeutic strategies with natural compounds to improve the survival rate and to reduce the side effects. In this study, we hypothesised that the mesenchymal nature of neuroblastoma cells is a reason, at least in part, for the aggressive and treatment resistant phenotype.