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Bimodal Plasmonic Color Filters Enable Direct Optical Imaging of Ion Implantation in Thin Films

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Optical metamaterials offer precise control over the properties and interactions of light at the nanoscale, attracting interest in many new fields of research including chemical and molecular sensing, magnetic antennas, and photovoltaic elements. By utilizing the phenomenon of extraordinary optical transmission (EOT) plasmonic devices enable the detection of minute changes in the local, near-surface, dielectric properties of materials, opening up a wide range of different applications. Characterization of the optoelectronic properties of ultra-thin films is of paramount importance for a wide range of electronic applications including integrated circuit production. However, it is often extremely difficult to achieve using conventional imaging techniques. Here, it is demonstrated that plasmonic color filters can be used for the direct optical imaging and characterization of ion implantation in thin films. A model system consisting of variable doses of gallium ions implanted within titanium oxide thin films is used. It is observed that the ion implantation dose leads to a variation in the measured plasmon resonance spectra, which can be further enhanced through the use of bimodal nanopixel arrays. Using Monte Carlo simulations and the Maxwell-Garnett relation, the observed plasmon resonance spectra in terms of the gallium ion implantation dose is quantitatively interpreted.

Funding

This work was performed in part at the Melbourne Centre for Nanofabrication (MCN) in the Victorian Node of the Australian National Fabrication Facility (ANFF). The authors acknowledge the support of the Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence in Advanced Molecular Imaging (CE140100011).

History

Publication Date

14/01/2022

Journal

Advanced Functional Materials

Volume

32

Issue

3

Article Number

2009419

Pagination

9p.

Publisher

Wiley

ISSN

1616-301X

Rights Statement

© 2021 The Authors. Advanced Functional Materials published by Wiley-VCH GmbH. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited and is not used for commercial purposes.