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Behaviour change interventions to increase physical activity in hospitalised patients: a systematic review, meta-analysis and meta-regression

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posted on 09.02.2022, 06:10 authored by Nicholas TaylorNicholas Taylor, Katherine HardingKatherine Harding, Amy DennettAmy Dennett, S Febrey, K Warmoth, AJ Hall, Luke PrendergastLuke Prendergast, VA Goodwin
BACKGROUND: Low physical activity levels are a major problem for people in hospital and are associated with adverse outcomes. OBJECTIVE: This systematic review, meta-analysis and meta-regression aimed to determine the effect of behaviour change interventions on physical activity levels in hospitalised patients. METHODS: Randomised controlled trials of behaviour change interventions to increase physical activity in hospitalised patients were selected from a database search, supplemented by reference list checking and citation tracking. Data were synthesised with random-effects meta-analyses and meta-regression analyses, applying Grades of Recommendation, Assessment, Development and Evaluation criteria. The primary outcome was objectively measured physical activity. Secondary measures were patient-related outcomes (e.g. mobility), service level outcomes (e.g. length of stay), adverse events and patient satisfaction. RESULTS: Twenty randomised controlled trials of behaviour change interventions involving 2,568 participants (weighted mean age 67 years) included six trials with a high risk of bias. There was moderate-certainty evidence that behaviour change interventions increased physical activity levels (SMD 0.34, 95% CI 0.14-0.55). Findings in relation to mobility and length of stay were inconclusive. Adverse events were poorly reported. Meta-regression found behaviour change techniques of goal setting (SMD 0.29, 95% CI 0.05-0.53) and feedback (excluding high risk of bias trials) (SMD 0.35, 95% CI 0.11-0.60) were independently associated with increased physical activity. CONCLUSIONS: Targeted behaviour change interventions were associated with increases in physical activity in hospitalised patients. The trials in this review were inconclusive in relation to the patient-related or health service benefits of increasing physical activity in hospital.

History

Publication Date

06/01/2022

Journal

Age and Ageing

Volume

51

Issue

1

Article Number

afab154

Pagination

10p.

Publisher

Oxford University Press

ISSN

0002-0729

Rights Statement

© The Author(s) 2021. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the British Geriatrics Society. All rights reserved. For permissions, please email: journals.permissions@oup.com. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/), which permits non-commercial re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. For commercial re-use, please contact journals.permissions@oup.com

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