BayesR3 enables fast MCMC blocked processing for largescale multi-trait genomic prediction and QTN mapping analysis
journal contributionposted on 2022-10-24, 23:58 authored by EJ Breen, IM MacLeod, PN Ho, M Haile-Mariam, Jennie PryceJennie Pryce, CD Thomas, Hans DaetwylerHans Daetwyler, ME Goddard
Bayesian methods, such as BayesR, for predicting the genetic value or risk of individuals from their genotypes, such as Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNP), are often implemented using a Markov Chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) process. However, the generation of Markov chains is computationally slow. We introduce a form of blocked Gibbs sampling for estimating SNP effects from Markov chains that greatly reduces computational time by sampling each SNP effect iteratively n-times from conditional block posteriors. Subsequent iteration over all blocks m-times produces chains of length m × n. We use this strategy to solve large-scale genomic prediction and fine-mapping problems using the Bayesian MCMC mixed-effects genetic model, BayesR3. We validate the method using simulated data, followed by analysis of empirical dairy cattle data using high dimension milk mid infra-red spectra data as an example of “omics” data and show its use to increase the precision of mapping variants affecting milk, fat, and protein yields relative to a univariate analysis of milk, fat, and protein.