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Attitudes, knowledge and practice behaviours of oncology health care professionals towards lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer and intersex (LGBTQI) patients and their carers: A mixed-methods study

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posted on 2022-09-02, 04:54 authored by JM Ussher, J Perz, K Allison, R Power, A Hawkey, Gary DowsettGary Dowsett, M Hickey, C Parton, FEJ McDonald, ID Davis, GP Quinn, K Boydell, KH Robinson, S Chambers, A Anazodo
Objective: There is growing recognition that health care professionals (HCPs) and policy makers are insufficiently equipped to provide culturally competent care to lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer and intersex (LGBTQI) cancer patients and their families. We examined HCP attitudes, knowledge, and practices regarding LGBTQI cancer care using a mixed-methods research design. Method: Surveys were completed by 357 oncology HCPs in nursing (40%), medical (24%), allied health (19%), and clinical leadership roles (11%); 48 of the surveyed HCPs were interviewed. Results: Most HCPs reported being comfortable treating LGBTQI patients, but reported low levels of confidence and knowledge and systemic barriers to LGBTQI cancer care. Most wanted more education and training, particularly on trans and gender-diverse people (TGD) and those born with intersex variations. Conclusion: Education of HCPs and health system changes are required to overcome barriers to the provision of culturally competent cancer care for LGBTQI patients. Practice implications: These findings reinforce the need for inclusion of LGBTQI content in HCP education and professional training curricula, and institutional support for LGBTQI-inclusive practice behaviours. This includes administrative and visual cues to signal safety of LGBTQI patients within cancer care, facilitating inclusive environments, and the provision of tailored patient-centred care.


This study was funded by the Australian Research Council Linkage Program Grant [LP170100644] , the Cancer Council New South Wales, and Prostate Cancer Foundation Australia, with in-kind support provided by National LGBTI Health Alliance, ACON, Breast Cancer Network Australia, Sydney Children's Hospital Network and Canteen.


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Patient Education and Counseling






2512 - 2523





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© 2021 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V.

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