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Altered countermovement jump force profile and muscle-tendon unit kinematics following combined ballistic training

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posted on 2023-07-26, 06:24 authored by BW Hoffman, BJ Raiteri, MJ Connick, EM Beckman, A Macaro, VG Kelly, Lachlan JamesLachlan James

Combined heavy- and light-load ballistic training is often employed in high-performance sport to improve athletic performance and is accompanied by adaptations in muscle architecture. However, little is known about how training affects muscle-tendon unit (MTU) kinematics during the execution of a sport-specific skill (e.g., jumping), which could improve our understanding of how training improves athletic performance. The aim of this study was to investigate vastus lateralis (VL) MTU kinematics during a countermovement jump (CMJ) following combined ballistic training. Eighteen young, healthy males completed a 10-week program consisting of weightlifting derivatives, plyometrics, and ballistic tasks under a range of loads. Ultrasonography of VL and force plate measurements during a CMJ were taken at baseline, mid-test, and post-test. The training program improved CMJ height by 11 ± 13%. During the CMJ, VL's MTU and series elastic element (SEE) length changes and velocities increased from baseline to post-test, but VL's fascicle length change and velocity did not significantly change. It is speculated that altered lower limb coordination and increased force output of the lower limb muscles during the CMJ allowed more energy to be stored within VL's SEE. This may have contributed to enhanced VL MTU work during the propulsion phase and an improved CMJ performance following combined ballistic training.


Publication Date



Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports






(p. 1464-1476)





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© 2022 The Authors. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs License, which permits use and distribution in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, the use is non-commercial and no modifications or adaptations are made.

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