A text message intervention to reduce first year university students' alcohol use: a pilot experimental study
journal contributionposted on 07.04.2021, 02:00 by Benjamin Riordan, Tamlin S Conner, Jayde AM Flett, Damian Scarf
Objective:The aim of Orientation Week is to help new students acclimatize to university life. However, Orientation Week is characterized by heavy alcohol use and during this time students may develop drinking patterns that persist into the academic year. The aim of the current study was to refine a brief Ecological Momentary Intervention (EMI) and test its effectiveness in reducing students' alcohol use during both Orientation Week and throughout the academic year. Method:We conducted two focus groups with students who had received a pilot intervention. We then updated and trialled the intervention with students from two residential colleges (College 1 n = 117 and College 2 n = 269) who were assigned to either an Ecological Momentary Assessment (EMA) condition or an EMA-EMI condition. Students in both conditions reported their pre-university drinking and their drinking during Orientation Week and the academic year via text message. In addition to the EMA messages, during Orientation Week, participants in the EMA-EMI condition received messages highlighting the potential social consequences of heavy alcohol use. Results:In College 1 those in the EMA-EMI condition consumed fewer drinks, relative to those in the EMA condition, across both Orientation Week (9.7 vs. 15.5; t(98) = 2.138, p = .018) and the academic year. (4.3 vs. 6.8; t(98) = 1.788, p = .039). There were, however, no significant differences between conditions in College 2. Conclusion:The current findings suggest that EMIs may be successful under certain circumstances and may provide a simple, cost-effective means of intervening.
The author(s) disclosed receipt of the following financial support for the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article: This research was supported by University of Otago (grant number 112012.01.R.FU).
Rights StatementThe Author reserves all moral rights over the deposited text and must be credited if any re-use occurs. Documents deposited in OPAL are the Open Access versions of outputs published elsewhere. Changes resulting from the publishing process may therefore not be reflected in this document. The final published version may be obtained via the publisher’s DOI. Please note that additional copyright and access restrictions may apply to the published version.
Science & TechnologyLife Sciences & BiomedicineHealth Care Sciences & ServicesHealth Policy & ServicesPublic, Environmental & Occupational HealthMedical InformaticsOrientation Weekstudent drinkingEcological Momentary Interventiontext message interventionalcohol interventionRANDOMIZED CONTROLLED-TRIALEVENT-SPECIFIC PREVENTIONCOLLEGE-STUDENTSMOBILE TECHNOLOGYORIENTATION WEEKDRINKINGEFFICACY21ST