A recombinant fusion construct between human serum albumin and ntpdase cd39 allows anti-inflammatory and anti-thrombotic coating of medical devices
journal contributionposted on 14.10.2021, 05:37 by MK Abraham, E Jost, JD Hohmann, AK Searle, V Bongcaron, Y Song, HP Wendel, Karlheinz PeterKarlheinz Peter, S Krajewski, Xiaowei WangXiaowei Wang
Medical devices directly exposed to blood are commonly used to treat cardiovascular diseases. However, these devices are associated with inflammatory reactions leading to delayed healing, rejection of foreign material or device-associated thrombus formation. We developed a novel recombinant fusion protein as a new biocompatible coating strategy for medical devices with direct blood contact. We genetically fused human serum albumin (HSA) with ectonucleoside triphosphate diphosphohydrolase-1 (CD39), a promising anti-thrombotic and anti-inflammatory drug candidate. The HSA–CD39 fusion protein is highly functional in degrading ATP and ADP, major pro-inflammatory reagents and platelet agonists. Their enzymatic properties result in the generation of AMP, which is further degraded by CD73 to adenosine, an anti-inflammatory and anti-platelet reagent. HSA–CD39 is functional after lyophilisation, coating and storage of coated materials for up to 8 weeks. HSA–CD39 coating shows promising and stable functionality even after sterilisation and does not hinder endothelialisation of primary human endothelial cells. It shows a high level of haemocompatibility and diminished blood cell adhesion when coated on nitinol stents or polyvinylchloride tubes. In conclusion, we developed a new recombinant fusion protein combining HSA and CD39, and demonstrated that it has potential to reduce thrombotic and inflammatory complications often associated with medical devices directly exposed to blood.