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A Glycosyltransferase from Nicotiana alata Pollen Mediates Synthesis of a Linear (1,5)-α-L-Arabinan When Expressed in Arabidopsis

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posted on 23.06.2021, 02:36 by Edwin R Lampugnani, Yin Ying Ho, Isabel E Moller, Poh-Ling Koh, John F Golz, Tony BacicTony Bacic, Ed Newbigin
The walls of Nicotiana alata pollen tubes contain a linear arabinan composed of (1,5)-α-linked arabinofuranose residues. Although generally found as a side chain on the backbone of the pectic polysaccharide rhamnogalacturonan I, the arabinan in N. alata pollen tubes is considered free, as there is no detectable rhamnogalacturonan I in these walls. Carbohydrate-specific antibodies detected arabinan epitopes at the tip and along the shank of N. alata pollen tubes that are predominantly part of the primary layer of the bilayered wall. A sequence related to ARABINAN DEFICIENT1 (AtARAD1), a presumed arabinan arabinosyltransferase from Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana), was identified by searching an N. alata pollen transcriptome. Transcripts for this ARAD1-like sequence, which we have named N. alata ARABINAN DEFICIENT-LIKE1 (NaARADL1), accumulate in various tissues, most abundantly in the pollen grain and tube, and encode a protein that is a type II membrane protein with its catalytic carboxyl terminus located in the Golgi lumen. The NaARADL1 protein can form homodimers when transiently expressed in Nicotiana benthamiana leaves and heterodimers when coexpressed with AtARAD1. The expression of NaARADL1 in Arabidopsis led to plants with more arabinan in their walls and that also exuded a guttation fluid rich in arabinan. Chemical and enzymatic characterization of the guttation fluid showed that a soluble, linear α-(1,5)-arabinan was the most abundant polymer present. These results are consistent with NaARADL1 having an arabinan (1,5)-α-arabinosyltransferase activity.

Funding

This work was supported by the Australian Research Council (discovery grant no. DP110100410 to E.R.L., A.B., and E.N.) and the Centre of Excellence in Plant Cell Walls (grant no. CE1101007 to E.R.L., Y.Y.H., I.E.M., and A.B.).

History

Publication Date

01/01/2016

Journal

Plant Physiology

Volume

170

Issue

4

Pagination

13p. (p. 1962-1974)

Publisher

American Society of Plant Biologists

ISSN

0032-0889

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