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Socio-demographic characteristics and body weight perceptions of study participants benefitting most from the Feel4Diabetes program based on their anthropometric and glycaemic profile changes

journal contribution
posted on 13.11.2020, 00:38 by George Moschonis, K Karatzi, K Apergi, S Liatis, J Kivelä, K Wikström, AM Ayala-Marín, R Mateo-Gallego, K Tsochev, N Chakarova, E Antal, I Rurik, V Iotova, G Cardon, J Lindstrom, LA Moreno, K Makrilakis, Y Manios
© 2020 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. The Feel4Diabetes program was comprised of a community-based screening and a two-year intervention phase aiming to prevent type 2 diabetes (T2D) in families at risk for diabetes across Europe. The current work aimed to identify the socio-demographic characteristics and body weight perceptions of participants who benefitted the most, achieving at least a 5% reduction in body weight, waist circumference and glycaemic indices (fasting plasma glucose, insulin, glycosylated haemoglobin levels), over two-year period. Following a two-stage screening procedure, 2294 high-risk parents were randomly allocated to standard care or more intensive intervention. The participants who benefitted most were living in Southern (OR 2.39–3.67, p < 0.001) and Eastern Europe (OR 1.55–2.47, p < 0.05), received more intensive intervention (OR 1.53–1.90, p = 0.002) and were younger (<40 years old) adults (OR 1.48–1.51, p < 0.05). Furthermore, individuals with tertiary education (OR 2.06, p < 0.001), who were unemployed (OR 1.62–1.68, p < 0.05) and perceived their body weight to be higher than normal (OR 1.58–3.00, p < 0.05) were more likely to benefit from the program. Lastly, males were more likely to show improvements in their glycaemic profiles compared to females (OR 1.40, p = 0.024). These findings point out the regions in Europe and the sociodemographic profile of individuals that benefitted the most in the current study, highlighting the need to prioritise regions in greater need for such interventions and also tailor future interventions to the characteristics and perceptions of the target populations.

History

School

  • School of Allied Health

Publication Date

13/10/2020

Journal

Nutrients

Volume

12

Issue

10

Article Number

3117

Pagination

13p. (p. 1-13)

Publisher

MDPI

ISSN

2072-6643

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The Author reserves all moral rights over the deposited text and must be credited if any re-use occurs. Documents deposited in OPAL are the Open Access versions of outputs published elsewhere. Changes resulting from the publishing process may therefore not be reflected in this document. The final published version may be obtained via the publisher’s DOI. Please note that additional copyright and access restrictions may apply to the published version.

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