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Predictors of response to foot orthoses and corticosteroid injection for plantar heel pain

journal contribution
posted on 16.11.2020, 21:51 by Glen Whittaker, Karl Landorf, Shannon Munteanu, Hylton Menz
© 2020 The Author(s). Background: Foot orthoses and corticosteroid injection are common interventions used for plantar heel pain, however few studies have investigated the variables that predict response to these interventions. Methods: Baseline variables (age, weight, height, body mass index (BMI), sex, education, foot pain, foot function, fear-avoidance beliefs and feelings, foot posture, weightbearing ankle dorsiflexion, plantar fascia thickness, and treatment preference) from a randomised trial in which participants received either foot orthoses or corticosteroid injection were used to predict change in the Foot Health Status Questionnaire foot pain and foot function subscales, and first-step pain measured using a visual analogue scale. Multivariable linear regression models were generated for different dependent variables (i.e. foot pain, foot function and first-step pain), for each intervention (i.e. foot orthoses and corticosteroid injection), and at different timepoints (i.e. weeks 4 and 12). Results: For foot orthoses at week 4, greater ankle dorsiflexion with the knee extended predicted reduction in foot pain (adjusted R 2 = 0.16, p = 0.034), and lower fear-avoidance beliefs and feelings predicted improvement in foot function (adjusted R 2 = 0.43, p = 0.001). At week 12, lower BMI predicted reduction in foot pain (adjusted R 2 = 0.33, p < 0.001), improvement in foot function (adjusted R 2 = 0.37, p < 0.001) and reduction in first-step pain (adjusted R 2 0.19, p = 0.011). For corticosteroid injection at week 4, there were no significant predictors for change in foot pain or foot function. At week 12, less weightbearing hours predicted reduction in foot pain (adjusted R 2 = 0.25, p = 0.004) and lower baseline foot pain predicted improvement in foot function (adjusted R 2 = 0.38, p < 0.001). Conclusions: People with plantar heel pain who use foot orthoses experience reduced foot pain if they have greater ankle dorsiflexion and lower BMI, while they experience improved foot function if they have lower fear-avoidance beliefs and lower BMI. People who receive a corticosteroid injection experience reduced foot pain if they weightbear for fewer hours, while they experience improved foot function if they have less baseline foot pain.

Funding

HBM is currently a National Health and Medical Research Council Senior Research Fellow (ID: 1135995).

History

Publication Date

29/09/2020

Journal

Journal of Foot and Ankle Research

Volume

13

Issue

1

Article Number

60

Pagination

9p.

Publisher

BioMed Central

ISSN

1757-1146

Rights Statement

The Author reserves all moral rights over the deposited text and must be credited if any re-use occurs. Documents deposited in OPAL are the Open Access versions of outputs published elsewhere. Changes resulting from the publishing process may therefore not be reflected in this document. The final published version may be obtained via the publisher’s DOI. Please note that additional copyright and access restrictions may apply to the published version.

Licence

Exports