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No physiological or biomechanical sex-by-load interactions during treadmill-based load carriage

journal contribution
posted on 26.10.2020, 03:38 by Danielle Vickery-Howe, Anthea Clarke, JR Drain, BJ Dascombe, Kane Middleton
© 2020 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group. This study investigated whether physiological demand or gait mechanics differ between sexes during treadmill load carriage. Female (n = 15) and male (n = 15) military recruit-type participants with no load carriage experience completed three 10-minute walking trials at a self-selected speed with increasing relative body-borne loads (0%, 20%, and 40% body weight). A range of cardiorespiratory, perceptual and biomechanical variables were measured. Self-selected walking speed was similar between sexes (4.6–4.8 km·h−1, p >.05) and there were no significant sex-by-load interactions for any variables. Absolute (Formula presented.) O2 and (Formula presented.) CO2 were greater in males (difference 175–178 mL·min−1, p <.001), however, when relative to body mass, (Formula presented.) O2 was similar between sexes (p >.05). Across all loads, cadence was 7 ± 2 steps·min−1 faster (p =.004) and stance time was 0.06 ± 0.02 s shorter (p =.013) in females. Increasing load resulted in greater physiological demand, cadence, % stance time, and step length (p <.05). Practitioner summary: Literature comparing physiological and biomechanical variables between sexes during load carriage is scarce. Physiological and biomechanical sex differences were limited to relative measures associated with physical size (height and mass). Future research may pool male and female participants when conducting trials up to ten minutes in length. Abbreviations: BW: body weight; COM: centre of mass; HR: heart rate; HRmax: maximum heart rate; RER: respiratory exchange ratio; RPE: rating of perceived exertion; VCO2: volume of carbon dioxide; VE: ventilation; VO2: volume of oxygen; VO2max: maximum volume of oxygen.

Funding

This work was supported by the La Trobe University Sport, Exercise, and Rehabilitation Research Focus Area Grant Ready scheme under Grant [2000002296].

La Trobe University Sport, Exercise, and Rehabilitation Research Focus Area Grant Ready scheme | 2000002296

History

Publication Date

01/01/2020

Journal

Ergonomics

Volume

63

Issue

9

Pagination

7p.

Publisher

Taylor & Francis

ISSN

0014-0139

Rights Statement

This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Ergonomics on 22 May 2020 available online: https://www.tandfonline.com/10.1080/00140139.2020.1772379

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