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Insilico evaluation of the radical scavenging mechanism of Mactanamide

journal contribution
posted on 19.11.2020, 08:04 by Quan Van Vo, NT Hoa, PC Nam, DT Quang, Adam Mechler
© 2020 American Chemical Society. Mactanamide (MA) is a diketopiperazine isolated from marine fungi of the genus Aspergillus. This compound is known as a natural antioxidant from experimental studies, yet this activity has not been successfully modeled thus far. In this work, the hydroperoxyl radical scavenging activity of MA was evaluated in the gas phase and physiological environments by thermodynamic and kinetic calculations. The results revealed that the HOO• radical scavenging of MA in the lipid media follows the formal hydrogen transfer mechanism via hydrogen abstraction at the O11-H bond. In the aqueous solution, however, the antioxidant activity follows the sequential proton loss electron transfer mechanism. The rate constant of the HOO• scavenging of MA in the polar environment is about 1045 times (koverall = 2.23 × 106 M-1 s-1) higher than that in the lipid medium (koverall = 2.20 × 103 M-1 s-1). In polar media, the HOO• radical scavenging activity of MA is therefore 18 times higher than that of Trolox, the reference compound when assessing antioxidant activity. The results presented here align well with the experimental data, validating the mechanistic pathways and thus providing useful insights into the antioxidant activity of MA.

Funding

This research is funded by Vietnam National Foundation for Science and Technology Development (NAFOSTED) under grant number 104.06-2020.17 (P.C.N.).

History

Publication Date

22/09/2020

Journal

ACS Omega

Volume

5

Issue

37

Pagination

5p. (p. 24106-24110)

Publisher

American Chemical Society

ISSN

2470-1343

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